Omid Memarian

Sunday, February 19, 2006

Iranian Experts in Auschwitz!

Can you imagine that? Yes, that's true. I just received something from a friend in Poland about the new shocking action by president Ahmadinejad.... Just take a look at it: (Thanks so much Jerzy)

Iranian government is planning a conference to debate the "real scale of the Holocaust", informed Polish daily Gazeta Wyborcza on 17 February. As a part of the preparations the
Government would like to send a team of experts to conduct on-the-spot examination of the places where the Holocaust took place (a number of German death camps was located in the then occupied Poland).

The basis for this examination could be recent interview of the former ambassador to Poland Mohammend Taheri given to a Portuguese radio. In the interview he said that according to his calculations carried out after his visit to Auschwitz, the largest of the death camps, burning of 6m people would take some 15 years.

This does not contradict scientific estimations, according to which Auschwitz was the place of death of 1.1-1.5m people; the remaining victims of the Holocaust found their death in different locations.

The Rzeczpospolita daily of of 18 Saturday informed that Polish Foreign Minister Stefan Miller said that Iranian scientists should not have the possibility to count in Poland the victims of the Holocaust. "Under no circumstances we should permit this. This is beyond all imaginable norms that such a thing is discussed" he told Polish press agency PAP. He
added that Tehran had not consulted this idea with him.

The Auschwitz-Birkenau museum informed in a special communique that it won't allow Iranian experts to the camp. "Those who negate the fact of murdering of people in gas chambers and defile the memory of the victims will not be allowed to the cemetary, which in fact is the State Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau".

47 Comments:

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Your credit card issuer may also raise your interest rate after conducting a routine credit report review. If your overall credit history has deteriorated, the issuer may raise your interest rate, even though you've never made a late payment on the card in question.
The 25 day grace period only applies when you pay-off your entire balance due each month. If you only pay the minimum payment, interest is immediately accrued from the moment you charge something to your credit card. Some companies are also shortening the grace period to 20 days, and some cards have no grace periods.
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Credit card debt is an example of unsecured consumer debt, accessed through plastic credit cards.

Debt results when a client of a credit card company purchases an item or service through the card system. Debt accumulates and increases via interest and penalties when the consumer does not pay the company for the money he or she has spent.

The results of not paying this debt on time are that the company will charge a late payment penalty (generally in the US from $10 to $40) and report the late payment to credit rating agencies. Being late on a payment is sometimes referred to as being in "default". The late payment penalty itself increases the amount of debt the consumer has.

When a consumer has been late on a payment, it is possible that other creditors, even creditors the consumer was not late in paying, may increase the interest rates the consumer is paying. This practice is called universal default.

If the customer is carrying an amount of debt that is so high that it is over their credit limit, then they might be charged an over-the-limit fee of up to $39 until their balance is paid down to below their credit limit. This, too, may add to the consumer's debt.

Sometimes the late fees, over-the-limit fees, high annual percentage rates (APRs), and universal default overcome consumers who frequently do not pay off their debt, and the customer declares bankruptcy. If a customer files for bankruptcy, the credit card companies are required to forgive all or much of the debt, unless such discharge of debt is successfully challenged by one or more creditors, or blocked by a bankruptcy judge on legal grounds irrespective of creditors' challenges.

Because forgiveness of debt reduces likelihood of profit and continued survival, the companies are generally willing to offer another deal to the consumers in danger of bankruptcy. This deal consists of reduced APRs, removal of past late fees and penalty charges, and reaging the accounts so that the credit agencies see them as late accounts.A credit card is a system of payment named after the small plastic card issued to users of the system. A credit card is different from a debit card in that it does not remove money from the user's account after every transaction. In the case of credit cards, the issuer lends money to the consumer (or the user). It is also different from a charge card (though this name is sometimes used by the public to describe credit cards), which requires the balance to be paid in full each month. In contrast, a credit card allows the consumer to 'revolve' their balance, at the cost of having interest charged. Most credit cards are the same shape and size, as specified by the standard.

A user is issued credit after an account has been approved by the credit provider, and is given a credit card, with which the user will be able to make purchases from merchants accepting that credit card up to a pre-established credit limit. Often a general bank issues the credit, but sometimes a captive bank created to issue a particular brand of credit card, such as or Banks issues the credit.

When a purchase is made, the credit card user agrees to pay the card issuer. The cardholder indicates their consent to pay, by signing a receipt with a record of the card details and indicating the amount to be paid or by entering a Personal identification number (PIN). Also, many merchants now accept verbal authorizations via telephone and electronic authorization using the Internet, known as a Card not present (CNP) transaction.

Electronic verification systems allow merchants to verify that the card is valid and the credit card customer has sufficient credit to cover the purchase in a few seconds, allowing the verification to happen at time of purchase. The verification is performed using a credit card payment terminal or Point of Sale (POS) system with a communications link to the merchant's acquiring bank. Data from the card is obtained from a magnetic stripe or chip on the card; the latter system is in the United Kingdom commonly known as Chip an PIN, but is more technically an EMV card.

Other variations of verification systems are used by eCommerce merchants to determine if the user's account is valid and able to accept the charge. These will typically involve the cardholder providing additional information, such as the security code printed on the back of the card, or the address of the cardholder.

Each month, the credit card user is sent a statement indicating the purchases undertaken with the card, any outstanding fees, and the total amount owed. After receiving the statement, the cardholder may dispute any charges that he or she thinks are incorrect (see Fair Credit Billing Act for details of the US regulations). Otherwise, the cardholder must pay a defined minimum proportion of the bill by a due date, or may choose to pay a higher amount up to the entire amount owed. The credit provider charges interest on the amount owed (typically at a much higher rate than most other forms of debt). Some financial institutions can arrange for automatic payments to be deducted from the user's bank accounts.

Credit card issuers usually waive interest charges if the balance is paid in full each month, but typically will charge full interest on the entire outstanding balance from the date of each purchase if the total balance is not paid.

For example, if a user had a $1,000 outstanding balance and pays it in full, there would be no interest charged. If, however, even $1.00 of the total balance remained unpaid, interest would be charged on the $1 from the date of purchase until the payment is received. The precise manner in which interest is charged is usually detailed in a cardholder agreement which may be summarized on the back of the monthly statement. The general calculation formula most financial institutions use to determine the amount of interest to be charged is APR/100 x ADB/365 x number of days revolved. Take the Annual percentage rate (APR) and divide by 100 then multiply to the amount of the average daily balance divided by 365 and then take this total and multiply by the total number of days the amount revolved before payment was made on the account. Financial institutions refer to interest charged back to the original time of the transaction and up to the time a payment was made, if not in full, as RRFC or residual retail finance charge. Thus after an amount has revolved and a payment has been made that the user of the card will still receive interest charges on their statement after paying the next statement in full (in fact the statement may only have a charge for interest that collected up until the date the full balance was paid...i.e. when the balance stopped revolving).

The credit card may simply serve as a form of revolving credit, or it may become a complicated financial instrument with multiple balance segments each at a different interest rate, possibly with a single umbrella credit limit, or with separate credit limits applicable to the various balance segments. Usually this compartmentalization is the result of special incentive offers from the issuing bank, either to encourage balance transfers from cards of other issuers, or to encourage more spending on the part of the customer. In the event that several interest rates apply to various balance segments, payment allocation is generally at the discretion of the issuing bank, and payments will therefore usually be allocated towards the lowest rate balances until paid in full before any money is paid towards higher rate balances. Interest rates can vary considerably from card to card, and the interest rate on a particular card may jump dramatically if the card user is late with a payment on that card or any other credit instrument, or even if the issuing bank decides to raise its revenue. As the rates and terms vary, services have been set up allowing users to calculate savings available by switching cards, which can be considerable if there is a large outstanding balance (see external links for some on-line services).

Because of intense competition in the credit card industry, credit providers often offer incentives such as frequent flier points, gift certificates, or cash back (typically up to 1 percent based on total purchases) to try to attract customers to their program.

Low interest credit cards or even 0% interest credit cards are available. The only downside to consumers is that the period of low interest credit cards is limited to a fixed term, usually between 6 and 12 months after which a higher rate is charged. However, services are available which alert credit card holders when their low interest period is due to expire. Most such services charge a monthly or annual fee. credit card's grace period is the time the customer has to pay the balance before interest is charged to the balance. Grace periods vary, but usually range from 20 to 30 days depending on the type of credit card and the issuing bank. Some policies allow for reinstatement after certain conditions are met. Usually, if a customer is late paying the balance, finance charges will be calculated and the grace period does not apply. Finance charge(s) incurred depends on the grace period and balance, with most credit cards there is no grace period if there's any outstanding balance from the previous billing cycle or statement (ie. interest is applied on both the previous balance and new transactions). However, there are some credit cards that will only apply finance charge on the previous or old balance, excluding new transactions.

For merchants, a credit card transaction is often more secure than other forms of payment, such as checks, because the issuing bank commits to pay the merchant the moment the transaction is authorized, regardless of whether the consumer defaults on their credit card payment (except for legitimate disputes, which are discussed below, and can result in charge backs to the merchant). In most cases, cards are even more secure than cash, because they discourage theft by the merchant's employees.

For each purchase, the bank charges a commission (discount fee), to the merchant for this service and there may be a certain delay before the agreed payment is received by the merchant. The commission is often a percentage of the transaction amount, plus a fixed fee. In addition, a merchant may be penalized or have their ability to receive payment using that credit card restricted if there are too many cancellations or reversals of charges as a result of disputes. Some small merchants require credit purchases to have a minimum amount (usually between $5 and $10) to compensate for the transaction costs, though this is not always allowed by the credit card consortium.

In some countries, like the Nordic countries, banks guarantee payment on stolen cards only if an ID card is checked and the ID card number/civic registration number is written down on the receipt together with the signature. In these countries merchants therefore usually ask for ID. Non-Nordic citizens, who are unlikely to possess a Nordic ID card or driving license, will instead have to show their passport, and the passport number will be written down on the receipt, sometimes together with other information. Some shops use the card's PIN code for identification, and in that case showing an ID card is not necessary.

Authorization: When the cardholders pays for the purchase, the merchant performs some risk assessment and may submit the transaction to the acquirer for authorization. The acquirer verifies with the issuer—almost instantly—that the card number and transaction amount are both valid, and informs the merchant on how to proceed. The issuer may provisionally debit the funds from the cardholder's credit account at this stage.
Batching: After the transaction is authorized it is then stored in a batch, which the merchant sends to the acquiring bank later to receive payment (usually at the end of the day).
Clearing and settlement: The acquiring bank sends the transactions in the batch through the card association, which debits the card-issuing bank for the transaction amount, and credits the acquirer for the transaction amount minus the interchange fee.
Funding: The acquiring bank pays the merchant. The amount the merchant receives is equal to the transaction amount minus the discount rate charged by the acquiring bank to the merchant for the service.
The entire process, from authorization to funding, usually takes about 2-7 business days. However, many merchant card processors offer next-day deposits to customers subject to type of banking account.

In the event of a chargeback (when there's an error in processing the transaction or the cardholder disputes the transaction), the issuer returns the transaction to the acquirer for resolution. The acquirer then forwards the chargeback to the merchant, who must either accept the chargeback or contest it.

Commodity money is any money that is both used as a general purpose medium of exchange and as a tradable commodity in its own right.

Commodity based currencies are often viewed as more stable, but this is not always the case. The value of a commodity based currency as a medium of exchange depends on its supply relative to other goods and services available in the economy. Historically, gold, silver and other metals commonly used in commodity based monetary systems have been subject to regular and sometimes extraordinary fluctuations in purchasing power. This not only damages its stability as a medium of exchange; it also reduces its effectiveness as a store of value. In the 1500s and 1600s huge quantities of gold and even larger amounts of silver were discovered in the New World and brought back to Europe for conversion into coin. As a result, the purchasing power of those coins fell by 60% to 80%, i.e. the prices of goods rose, because the supply of goods did not keep pace with the increased supply of money. In addition, the relative value of silver to gold shifted dramatically downward. Such discoveries of huge sources of gold or silver are a thing of the past, and lend to their supply stability. More recently, from 1980 to 2001, gold was a particularly poor store of value, as gold prices dropped from a high of $850/oz. ($27.30 /g) to a low of $255/oz. ($8.20 /g).It should be noted that gold was not a currency at this time, and was fluctuating due to its status as a final store of value — that is, the price never goes to zero as fiat currencies inevitably do. The advantage of gold and silver, however, lies in the fact that, unlike fiat paper currency, the supply cannot be increased arbitrarily by a central bank.

It is also possible for the trading value of a commodity money to be greater than its value as a medium of exchange when governments attempt to fix exchange rates between different commodity monies. When this happens people will often start melting down coins and reselling the metal used to make them. This has happened periodically in the United States, eventually causing it to move away from pure silver nickels and pure copper pennies. Shipping coins from one jurisdiction to another so that they could be reminted was sometimes a lucrative trade before the advent of trusted paper money.

Commodity money's ability to function as a store of value is also limited by its very nature. Copper and tin risk rust and corrosion. Gold and silver are soft metals that can lose weight through scratches and abrasions, but this is nothing by comparison to fiat currencies, where billions of dollars can be injected ("printed") into the market within moments.

Stability aside, commodity-based currencies may have a tendency to restrain growth in a very active economy. For example, in order to maintain the price level, the supply of money in an any economy must be equal or greater than the volume of goods and services produced. If commodities are used as money, then the total production can easily outstrip the supply of those commodities, which leads to price deflation. The lower prices of goods would signal to their producers to reduce the supply of goods, hence restoring the price level. As such, production within commodity-based economies tends to be limited by the supply of the commodity currency.[citation needed]

This problem is compounded by the fact that money also serves as a store of value. This encourages hoarding (in other circumstances known as "saving")and takes the commodity money out circulation, reducing the supply. The supply of circulating commodity currency is further reduced by the fact that commodity moneys also have competing non-monetary uses. For example, gold and silver are used in jewelry, and nickel and copper have important industrial uses.

Commodity based currencies also limit the geographic extent of the trading market. To make large purchases either a large volume or a high weight or both of the commodity must be transported to the seller. The cost of transportation of the currency raises the transaction cost and makes long distance sales less attractive

 
At 11:49 PM , Anonymous Anonymous said...

She took the Q-tip out of my cock and stroked my frustrated cock, she was naked and her hair was wet, she looked so hot. Soon I was close to coming and said, wow baby for a minute there I though you were really going to castrate me. She continued masturbating me and looked into my eyes. I am going to castrate you, that is the only way that I will be able to keep you in line. I want this little cock of yours to always have his head down. My cock twitched at this and she pinched the base to keep me from coming. Once I calmed down she let go of my cock. I begged please honey I will do what ever you want but please leave my balls alone. She had a scalpel in her hand, I know you will do what ever I want especially if you want to live here. To my horror she sliced down both sides of my sac and set the scalpel down. I was about to beg again but she forced the gag back into my mouth. She reached into the left side of my bag with two fingers and found my ball and pulled it out of my sac. In my position with my legs above my head when she let it go it was laying on my bent stomach next to my dripping cock. I watched as she reached in and pulled my last ball from my bag. It was strangely erotic to see my sac lay flat and empty with both my nuts laying next to my erection. Then she untied my legs from the headboard and removed the leg spreader. She was careful to make sure my naked balls didn't get stuck under my ass. Then she took both balls in her hand and held them firmly while she uncuffed my wrists. I immediately tried to remove her hand from my balls but she just applied a little pressure and I just laid there ready to accept her command. She told me to get up and held my balls as I did so. My cock was ready to explode, I was living out a fantasy and my cock had a mind of its own. She reached between my legs and switched hands on my balls. She lifted them up and I could feel the cords to my balls going up the crack of my ass as she lead me into the bathroom. She had me straddle the toilet facing the wall. Then she let my left ball go and it swung between my legs. Then she handed my some surgical thread and told me to tie off the cords to my left ball. I had read enough about castration that I knew what I was doing. I tied off one side and paused, it just could assist in my own castration. She squeezed my naked nut and told me to continue. I finished tying off the cords and she rubbed my back, that's a good boy. Then she grabbed my left ball and let my right one swing free, now the other honey. I tied off the cords and was sweating knowing that now they were ready for removal. She still had a hold of my left tied ball and reached around and started to masturbate me. As she pumped my cock my right ball was bouncing up and down like a yo yo on its cords. She pinched off my quick orgasm and giggle. You will have to wait just a little longer to let you seed go honey. Now I want you to take the scissors off the back of the toilet and place the cords to your right ball in between the blades. I hadn't even noticed the scissors. I picked them up and just held them she didn't squeeze my ball like I thought she would, she rubbed my back, come on baby you can do it. You will be so proud if you are the one who destroys your manhood. If you can't do it I will, but I think you can, you are going to be castrated one way or the other. I looked over my shoulder at her and she stood up still holding my other ball and kissed me on the cheek. I turned my head and looked down and placed the scissors into position below the ties to sever my ball from my body. She reached around and was rubbing my pre come into the head of my cock. Then she whispered do it now and with out thinking I squeezed the handle on the scissors and snipped off my ball and watched it splash into the toilet bowl and float to the bottom. I couldn't believe it I actually cut off my own ball. My cock was about to explode again and I pinched off my own orgasm this time I wanted to wait until the final cut before I came. I felt a pin prick in my ass and looked back to see my wife pulling a needle out of my cheek. She smiled just a little something to help you relax. What ever it was it was making my back and neck feel warm. She switched hands on my ball again so she was standing in front of me holding my last ball out to be cut off. Now I'm going to let you ball go so we can watch it fall into the toilet when it is cut off, if you try to move away or run I'll grab it and tear it off is that understood. I nodded yes and she let it swing free, she looked at me you know what to do honey. I nodded and placed the scissors into position again and with my free hand started masturbating she moved my hand way and told me to cut it first then have your last come. My heart was racing my cock was hard, I looked at my wife, cut it off now put your little cock to sleep for the rest of your life. I looked down and snipped it off and watched it join its brother at the bottom of the toilet. Both sets of cords had snapped back inside my empty sac now that the weight had been removed. My wife was rubbing my back and said go ahead honey beat your little cock off before it is to late. I took hold of my cock and watched my empty bag flop around and I beat my meat. Then as I was approaching what was sure to be the best orgasm of my life I felt the heat from the shot she had given me warm up my legs and was traveling up and soon hit my pubic area and stomach then my face. I felt flush and looked at my wife. She was smiling, that was a heavy dose of female hormones I gave you, I wanted to make sure that your cock would never raise his head again. You better hurry and come while you still can. I must of looked funny masturbating so fast, she was giggling. I was close to coming again when suddenly my cock started to go flaccid. I wanted to come so bad I kept at it but my cock kind of felt numb and I couldn't get it to fire off. After about 3 minutes I had gone completely limp, my last orgasm denied me forever. I sat on the edge of the tub looking depressed as my wife sewed up my empty sac. She had me make her breakfast naked and I continually looked down at my sleeping cock and empty droopy sac
http://www.kissmyassclub.com

 
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